Hedgehog Tails (Do They Have Them? What Are They For?)

Sharing is caring!

Published on May 1, 2021
Last Updated on October 11, 2023

Hedgehogs are cute, little things that some people consider pests whereas others keep them as household pets. If you’ve ever seen one in action, they roll around, move quickly, and are easy to spook. When freaked, they’ll curl up into a little ball and act dead.

They do this to protect sensitive areas on their bodies while tucking their head, limbs, and tail inward. But, if you aren’t familiar with the hedgehog’s biology and anatomy, you may not be able to see things like its tail, when in this curled-up position.

Because of this, some people believe hedgehogs don’t have tails at all.

But this is wrong! Hedgehogs do have tails, and they may serve more of an important role in the social and behavioral patterns of hedgehogs than anyone may have ever considered before!

Keep reading as Floofmania takes a good look at the hedgehog’s tail!

Hedgehogs Do Have Tails

Yes, hedgehogs do have tails, albeit very diminutive and small. In fact, they’re adorable for a rear-end appendage.

Most of the time, you will not be able to see its little, stubby tail, because it’s on the lower side of the belly, which is only visible when turning the hedgehog around, and searching a little bit!

What the hedgehog’s tail looks like, will mostly depend on the specific breed.

What Does A Hedgehog’s Tail Look Like?

All hedgehogs have short tails when compared to other animals. On average, a hedgehog’s tail is a touch over ¾ of an inch (or 2 centimeters) long. But they can be as small as a wee bit over ¼ of an inch (or 1 centimeter) and no longer than around two inches (or 5 centimeters).

While the hedgehog has spiky quills all over its back, its belly is covered by white fur. Its tail, however, has neither spikes nor fur. It mostly resembles the end of a pinky finger. Pinkish, short, and round!

The hedgehog’s tail can easily be mistaken for the penis in males in the event of being able to see the tail. This is especially true when the hedgehog is on its back, because of how it turns up toward the head. But in male hedgehogs, their penis is one the lower-mid area of the abdomen, not at the end of the body.

There are even some species, like the Lesser and Greater Madagascar Tenec, where the tail is scant visible. Unless you’re looking at the animal up close, it isn’t visible. Zoologists have categorized these hedgehogs as tailless because of how tiny and minuscule it actually is.

Specific Tail Lengths

Even though there’s an average length for all hedgehog tails, specific types of hedgehogs have larger ones than others. Here’s a list of some of the more popular and common species along with the average range of tail lengths:

  • Amur Hedgehogs – around ¼ of an inch to less than 2½ inches (1 to 6 centimeters)
  • Bare-Bellied Hedgehogs – around ¼ of an inch to 1³⁄₁₆ inches (1 to 3 centimeters)
  • Desert Hedgehogs – about ½ of an inch to 1⅜ inches (1.4 to 3.5 centimeters)
  • European Hedgehogs – around ¼ of an inch to 1⅜ inches (1 to 3.5 centimeters)
  • Four-Toed Hedgehogs – just under an inch (2.5 centimeters)
  • Indian Long-Eared Hedgehogs – slightly less than an inch (2.3 centimeters)
  • Long-Eared Hedgehogs – around ¼ of an inch to about two inches (1 to 5 centimeters)
  • North African Hedgehogs – just under an inch (2.5 centimeters)
  • Southern African Hedgehogs – a bit over ¾ of an inch (2 centimeters)

Do Hedgehogs Wag Their Tails?

Hedgehogs do wag their tails but it’s not to express contentment like a dog or impatience like a cat. It seems its main function is for protection purposes. Plus, it doesn’t move back and forth but rather up and down.

But, it isn’t uncommon for hedgehogs to wag their tails from side to side, however rare.

Hedgehog Tail Wagging

If and when hedgehogs do wag their tails, it’s very slight and not immediately noticeable. In the event, that you have one as a pet and you see it wagging, it may mean that it’s nervous or sensing danger.

Even though not proven, some zoologists theorize the tail can serve as a sort of antenna, which alerts them to danger including predators, natural catastrophes (like hurricanes, earthquakes, and tornadoes) or to indicate how many other animals are present in the surrounding area. That sounds a bit strange, though, doesn’t it?

What Do Hedgehogs Use Their Tails For?

When hedgehogs feel threatened by predators, they quickly curl up their backs, exposing all of their spikes. The stiffening of the muscles makes their quills spiky and their tail covers their lower region in this position.

For centuries, humans haven’t really given much thought to the hedgehog’s tail. Most people take it for granted because almost all animals have a tail in some way, shape, or form. But recent research shows that hedgehogs can use their tails for much more than protection and security reasons.


  • Tommy

    Hi, I'm Tommy! I'm the founder of Floofmania.com. I am an animal enthusiast and self-proclaimed wildlife expert as well as a dog trainer and breeder of the breed Löwchen. Since I was a kid, I’ve been wildly fascinated by animals, both from growing up in a rural area where there were always animals around, but especially from seeing them in the wild.

    View all posts

Sharing is caring!

1 thought on “Hedgehog Tails (Do They Have Them? What Are They For?)”

  1. Thanks for this information. I find hedgehogs fascinating. I live in a rural village in the middle of nowhere. Every now and then, I spot a hedgehog whilst walking my dog (a greyhound) and it is hell on earth trying to get him away from the wee beastie.
    Today, my associate had a close encounter with Mrs. Tiggywinkle. Spotting her out in the road, he brought her into our garden as he could not bear to see her get flattened by a car. We have a wildlife oriented garden in which he selected a nice shady, overgrown spot for her. He returned with a large spoonful of dog food, placing it within reach then retired to a safe spot with a recording device. What happened next was most gratifying. Mrs. T spent about five seconds sniffing out the food. Then she tore into it like a hungry man in a free restaurant. My associate captured it all on film. I may show it to you sometime …


Leave a Comment