How to Repel Coyotes! (27 Questions Answered)

For families with small children and pets, especially those who live near or next to the forest, coyotes are a constant annoyance and even fear. After all, they are fierce pack hunters. There are plenty of reasons to want this wild animal to stay away from you, your children, and your family, without needing to harm them. 

There are plenty of ways to deter coyotes from coming near you, your yard, and your family. The most popular of these include setting up fences and sprinklers, purchasing coyote repellent, making loud noises, and getting a guard dog! However, there are many effective ways to repel coyotes. 

In this article, we’ll get into all the best ways to repel coyotes, everything you need to know about the animal, and how you can best protect yourself and your family from them without harming the creatures. 

How To Repel Coyotes And Deter Them From Coming Close To You

So, you either have a coyote problem, or you think you might live somewhere where you could have one in the future. Either way, it’s very smart to be thinking about how to repel and deter coyotes from coming close to you. 

There are a number of very effective strategies when it comes to dealing with coyotes coming into your property. We’ll get into most of these later, but some of them include, getting rid of things that attract coyotes, setting up physical barriers, using lighting, scents, and sounds to get rid of them, and using animals as well. 

Without further ado, let’s get into it. Here’s how to repel and deter coyotes from coming into your yard.

Is It OK For Coyotes To Come Near You, Your Property Or You Pets And Animals?

First things first, it’s important to know why you should be getting rid of coyotes in the first place. Is it okay for them to be near you and your pets?

The main problem with coyotes, especially with their dwindling habitats and the way they are hunted, is that they are hungry! This is obviously natural for animals but isn’t ideal for you. They will eat anything from your plants in your garden to small animals if you let them. The best-case scenario is to scare them off. 

What Naturally Attracts Coyotes?

What attracts coyotes to your yard in the first place? Well, as mentioned above, food is almost always the driving force behind why coyotes are coming to your yard. However, it might not be what you think. 

Garbage, bird feeders, gardens, small animals, and many other things can attract coyotes.

They are quite an adaptable species, so they will eat whatever they can get their hands (paws) on. Make sure there’s nothing that animals eat out in your yard if you’re having a coyote problem. This includes garbage, birdseed, and other foods you may think coyotes would like. 

Does Coyote Urine Attract Other Coyotes?

Coyote urine does not attract other coyotes. Coyotes know that other animals, that they want to eat, are afraid of this scent, so there’s no reason to go where that scene is. 

Do Coyotes Come Close To Humans?

Usually, coyotes are quite scared of humans and do not come close. Some, however, are used to people. This usually happens when the coyote is being fed, or its food source is near people. This is why you never feed coyotes. 

There is also a slight chance that a coyote that is not afraid of humans could be rabid. Stay away from them, especially during the day. 

Will Coyotes Come Into Your Yard? Or Even Onto Your Porch?

Again, coyotes have no reason to go anywhere where no food is present. However, if presented with an opportunity to feed, they will certainly enter your yard and even go on your porch. This is why it’s important to get rid of bird feeders, small animals, and other food sources in your yard if you’re having a coyote problem. 

Do Fences Help?

Yes! They might seem like a really obvious option, but fences can be a fantastic way to keep coyotes out of your yard. Purchasing or building a solid fence can make it very difficult for coyotes to enter your yard.  

Can Coyotes Get Into Chicken Coops Through Chicken Wire Or Hardware Cloth?

Absolutely. Chicken wire and hardware cloth won’t stop a hungry coyote (or coyotes). You need to do more to protect your chickens if you have them from the danger of coyotes.

A strong fence made of wood or metal around the coop will do much more to protect your chickens than chicken wire or hardware cloth, although both would never hurt. 

Can Coyotes Go Through Doggie-Doors?

Coyotes have been known to go through doggie doors and enter homes, but it’s exceedingly rare. This only happens when a coyote is truly desperate for food. If you do want to take precautions, however, there are one-way doggie doors that only go out.

However, you’ll have to keep an eye on your furry friends and let them back in when they want to come back (especially if you’re afraid there are coyotes outside!). 

Can They Open Doors?

No, a coyote can not open a closed door. However, if a door is slightly ajar, a coyote could open it with enough effort. Make sure the doors to your garage, home, doggie doors, sheds, and the like are all tightly secured and locked before you go to sleep at night. 

What Should You Do When Coyotes Come Close To Your Yard?

The best thing you can do when you see a coyote is nothing: at first. Most sightings are simply just the coyote on their way to hunting grounds or other areas, and need no response, as coyotes are normally timid and should run away. 

If a coyote lingers, start doing what’s called hazing. Be big and loud. Wave your arms and make loud noises, perhaps bang things together if you have them. Do not run or turn away, as they could perceive you as prey. 

You could even throw small items nearby them such as pebbles, tennis balls, or anything else. This isn’t to hurt the coyote, so try not to hit them, just scare them off. Spraying them with water is also effective if you’re in your yard. 

Things That Naturally Repel Coyotes:

The things that most easily and naturally repel coyotes are the presence of a perceived predator, or certain scents and sounds. Coyotes are afraid of wolves and humans. 

Sounds: What Sounds Do Coyotes Hate?

Coyotes tend to hate any sound that is too loud, or resembles what they would perceive to be a predator. This can be anything from loud music, banging metal, shouting, air horns, or any other high-volume noise you can make.

Almost any loud noise should be enough to scare off the vast majority of coyotes. 

Can I Deter Coyotes With Music, Yelling, Or Other Noises?

Absolutely! The main factor in this is how loud the sounds are. If you use a loud enough sound, then the coyotes will almost certainly leave. This is especially the case with yelling and banging, as they are quite sudden and trick the coyotes into thinking a potential predator could be nearby. 

Scents: Are There Any Smells That Keep Coyotes Away?

There are plenty of smells the coyotes do not like. Since they have a very strong sense of smell, like most canine creatures, they can be repelled by very strong smelling herbs or other fragrant materials, as well as the smell of competing animals or potential predators. 

Do Coyotes Hate Vinegar?

Yes! White vinegar can be an effective deterrent to coyotes. The smell is very strong and irritates their nostrils. Vinegar is a great natural repellent to coyotes if you have enough of it.

Try putting it in a spray bottle and spraying down areas you consider high risks such as bird feeders, chicken coops, garbage cans, and other potential food sources. 

Is Ammonia Effective In Repelling Coyotes?

Ammonia can also be an effective repellent. For similar reasons to why they don’t like vinegar, coyotes tend to stay away from ammonia as well. Try soaking some rags in ammonia and laying them about your yard. 

Are Coyotes Scared By The Smell Of (human) Urine?

There is no hard and fast evidence to suggest that human urine will repel coyotes in any way. The thought makes sense though. After all, coyotes are quite scared of potential predators and will leave at the scent of their urine. 

However, this is more effective with other animal urines such as wolf urine. As far as human urine is concerned, there are definitely more effective strategies for repeling coyotes. 

What About Other Human Smells From Hair Or Clothing?

Honestly, whether or not coyotes are scared of the scent of humans, in general, depends on the specific coyotes, or at the very least where you live. You see, coyotes become conditioned to their environment very easily, and are able to adapt easily. 

This means that coyotes that have been around humans and know that they can get away safely are more likely to not react to a human scent. However, coyotes that have had negative experiences with humans will most likely stay away from human scents that come from hair, clothing, or other items that were on or around people recently. 

Animals: What Animals Keep Coyotes Away?

There are many animals that are quite successful as guardians against coyote invasion. Any animal that is willing to guard your (and its) territory, and is easy to domesticate and train should be a pretty good choice. 

Dogs are an obvious candidate, but there are other animals that can help scare off coyotes as well. 

Are Coyotes Afraid Of Donkeys?

Believe it or not, donkeys are a fantastic guardian against coyotes. They get quite aggressive and are not afraid to chase coyotes off of your property. In turn, coyotes are quite scared of donkeys, and the presence of a donkey should deter the coyotes on their own. 

Can Dogs Help Deter Coyotes?

Absolutely. Although you should probably use a bigger dog for this. Coyotes are quite afraid of wolves, so this fear most definitely extends to larger breeds of dogs. However, this isn’t a job any dog can do. 

Make sure your dog is larger than a coyote and is up to the task of guarding territory. A small, lazy, or slow dog will not do, and may just end up getting hurt. 

What Are Coyote’s Natural Predators? (Can You Keep Them Around?)

Unfortunately, coyotes’ natural predators are not very domesticatable animals. They include wolves, bears, cougars, and even alligators (depending on where you live). These animals are as dangerous if not more dangerous than coyotes, so it’s best to just allow them to remain in the woods as well. 

Lighting: Can You Keep The Light On To Deter Coyotes?

Coyotes absolutely don’t like bright lights. They often roam around in the dark and at night, after all. A set of motion-detecting lights that shine a bright light on the area where motion is detected should do wonders for keeping coyotes away from your home. 

Are Coyotes Afraid Of Fire?

Coyotes aren’t necessarily afraid of fire itself. A campfire however can repel coyotes if only because they don’t like the smoke. 

How To Repel Coyotes When Walking Your Dog?

The most effective method for getting rid of coyotes when walking your dog is to simply wait. In most cases, the coyote will run off and leave you unbothered, as long as you don’t run away, turn around, or panic. 

If the coyote doesn’t seem to be leaving, it is time to start hazing. Refer to the hazing steps outlined above!

Addressing A Coyote Problem: What Else Can You Do?

There are other ways to get rid of coyotes as well. Apart from all of the things in this article, you can also set up water sprinklers, trim your plants and shrubs, and keep a clean yard. Whatever you do, however, try not to harm the coyotes. They may be a nuisance, but they’re an important part of our ecosystem.