Everything About Red Foxes’ Social Behavior (Playing, Fighting, Territories and More!)

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Published on December 12, 2021
Last Updated on October 11, 2023

The red fox is a solitary animal who travels, hunts, and lives alone. However, the fox lives in packs, called leashes of foxes, during the first few years of its life. Foxes are territorial mammals but prefer non-physical confrontations because of their passive, playful nature. They are surprisingly affectionate animals who have an odd resemblance to domestic pets.

This article discusses the red fox’s social behavior, including how these solitary animals function as part of a pack. It also discusses the fighting tactics of the fox, whether the fox is affectionate with humans, and the general social behaviors of the red fox.  

Are Foxes Pack Animals? (Social or Solitary?)

Table of Contents

Foxes are solitary animals, which means they do not hunt or live in pack families after reaching their age of maturity. Typically, the only time foxes live in groups is when they raise their young. For the first few months, baby foxes are raised in a “skulk” of foxes, which is a group consisting of the parents and babies.

These skulks often reside in dens and are raised by both parents. After an allotted time, the kits will leave the den, and the skulk will dismantle.

How Are Fox Packs Organized?

Foxes rely on a social hierarchy to organize their small leashes. Fox packs are organized with an alpha male and female at the top, followed by a beta who assists in taking care of newborn kits and general upkeep of the leash of foxes. When additional adults live within the leash of foxes, additional “rungs” may exist.

Rungs such as “delta,” “gamma,” etc., determine the fox’s standing in the leash of foxes. These titles will filter down until it reaches the lowest member of the pack, the “omega,” a runt who is the weakest and often subject to aggressive and mistreatment of the other foxes.

The kits (newborn foxes) are considered separate from these rungs, given they are at the bottom of the pack. The alphas and betas are generally the only foxes to care for newborn foxes.

What’s A Pack Of Foxes Called?

A pack of foxes is officially called a “skulk,” but it can also be called a “leash.” An unofficial name that some people call foxes is a family group.

Do Foxes Hunt In Groups or Alone?

After leaving their mothers, red foxes will hunt alone. Their solitary nature causes the fox to practice lone hunting from kits and throughout adulthood.  

Do Foxes Travel Alone, in Pairs, or In Groups?

Foxes are solitary animals that will typically travel alone unless they are a newborn kit. A six-month-old fox will leave its parents and venture on its own. It is normal to see a pup alone at this age.

Are Foxes Territorial?

Foxes are territorial mammals willing to defend their land from other animals. They practice a variety of scent marking strategies to deter predators and fellow foxes from approaching their territory. If a fox or other animals come onto their land, they will quickly approach them and push them off. 

Do Foxes Mark Their Territories?

Fox’s use scent marking to mark their territory. There are three common ways that foxes spread their scent, including urination, rubbing, and defecating. Foxes will urinate, defecate, and rub their scent along the borderline of their territory to drive other animals away. 

Both male and female foxes practice scent marking, with more dominant foxes marking than subordinates. Foxes mark territory along the routes to stop other mammals from crossing into their land.

How Big Is The Range Of A Fox Territory?

Foxes are known to hold a territory range of all sizes. The range of a fox can vary anywhere between 0.2 and 40 square kilometers. 

The amount of territory that a fox may claim can vary based on several factors, such as the habitat. Most of these habitat-based factors impacting the fox’s territory are beyond the fox’s control, like the amount of accessible food, food dispersion, and shelter availability. 

How Do Foxes Defend Their Territory?

Foxes are very territorial mammals that will protect their land by whatever means possible. Although the fox is territorial, they often prefer non-aggressive defense when possible. Stopping fights before they begin limits the chance that the fox will become injured, lose its territory, or worse.

In many cases, a non-aggressive strategy is enough to peacefully drive a mammal off the fox’s territory.

Foxes Prefer Non-Aggressive Defense

Foxes use less aggressive techniques like vocalizations or posturing to disengage fights before they begin. By using non-aggressive approaches, the fox avoids physical confrontation. The fox uses many non-physical defense strategies to push away other mammals.

These include:

  • Gekkerings
  • Growls
  • Bearing teeth
  • Dominant posturing
  • Submissive posturing

Posturing is a large part of the fox’s non-aggressive defense strategies. Foxes signal through body language they are either ready or uninterested in a fight.

Foxes Use Physical Defense When Necessary 

When foxes cannot avoid physical confrontation, they will engage in fights. They stand on their hind legs and use their paws and jaws to intimidate the other animal. They attempt to throw the animal back and drive them away. The opponent will either submit to the fox or suffer a potential fatality. 

Foxes Win By Submission

When the other fox lowers themselves to the ground into a submissive position, that means they are forfeiting the fight. Submission is common when foxes accidentally invade another fox’s territory. Even if the invading fox is larger, its place on the social hierarchy is low.

Do Foxes Have A Territorial Call?

Foxes use vocalizations to communicate to other foxes within their territory. Screams are typically the most common ways foxes communicate across the territory. Other foxes in their family groups can easily recognize the voices of their family members, which makes it easy for them to respond. 

To deter other foxes and mammals from approaching their territory, foxes will use loud screams called gekkering. These are very loud, piercing screams that intimidate other animals. 

Do Foxes Fight One Another?

Foxes do not typically fight each other. Foxes avoid fighting because they believe it is a waste of energy. It also puts them at risk for injury, which foxes seem to believe is a high gamble.

Why Would Foxes Fight?

Foxes are usually non-aggressive toward other foxes. However, they may fight each other for food or compete for mates. Whenever possible, foxes will try to avoid fighting, so they do not waste energy or subject themselves to an injury.

Foxes Fight for Food

If resources are scarce, foxes may fight over food. Food is typically one of the most common motives for fighting. Foxes are highly competitive over food and are willing to fight for the much-needed resource.

Foxes Fight for Territory

Since having a territory is so important for the fox, they will defend and fight for their territory if necessary. Foxes have territory ranging several miles, which means they must travel to update their scent marking to ward away other foxes. If another fox approaches despite its territorial markings, the fox must defend their land.

Foxes Fight Over Mates

Fighting over mates is a normal part of the mating process. It occurs when two males seek out the same vixen. The two males will fight over the female. Typically, the stronger male wins.

Fox Kits Playfully Fight

When they are still kits, baby foxes will playfully fight with each other. This form of scrapping as young kits is their way of expelling energy and practicing for real fights in the future. Playful fighting helps the kits gain muscle control and understand the way their body works.

Do Fights Between Foxes Get Serious?

Fights between foxes can become serious if they are competing over mates. They may injure each other if the fights become too intense. However, they typically do not progress enough to become fatal.

How Do Foxes Fight?

Foxes fight by wrestling on their hind legs. The battle stance the two foxes engage in is called a foxtrot, given the two foxes appear like they are cohesively dancing. They keep their jaws open wide, focused on demonstrating the sharpness of their teeth.

By placing their front paws on their foe’s shoulder, they try their best to push them backward. While fighting, the foxes will make gekkering noises to scare the other fox. The fox who can overpower the other is declared the winner. When the losing fox retreats, they will walk low to the ground. Low walking symbolizes subservience.

What Does It Sound Like When Foxes Fight?

The most common noises foxes make while fighting are screaming and shrieks, called gekkering. It typically sounds worse than when foxes are fighting because of the snarls and screams. However, there is rarely any bloodshed. 

Should (or Can) You Stop Foxes From Fighting?

Never try stopping foxes from fighting, or you can easily hurt yourself. In addition to getting scratched or bit, you may get mites, ticks, or one of the many transmittable diseases that foxes may potentially carry. Touching a fox is dangerous, so it is best to avoid them, even if you think that fights sound bad. Usually, they are not.

Do Foxes Play With Prey Animals Like Cats Do?

Foxes will play with their prey after it is no longer moving. The way foxes play with their prey is similar to how cats play with their prey. However, the fox’s prey is already deceased when they play with it. A cat’s prey is still alive. 

When a fox plays with its prey, it will throw it around and bat at it. After finally having enough fun with it, they will begin eating their prey. 

Do Foxes Mourn When They Lose A Member Of Their Pack?

Foxes will mourn when they lose a member of their pack. According to Psychology Today, foxes will cover their fallen pack members and mates with dirt after they have perished. 

Do Foxes Play?

Foxes love playing with each other. They only socialize with other pack members and do so immediately after birth. It is a great way to understand their body movement, express emotion, and learn their motor functions. 

As adults, foxes continue their playful nature with other animals and even stolen items. They are solitary animals, so red foxes are fine entertaining themselves as adults. They may steal toys from people’s backyards or explore parks at nighttime. They are also eager to socialize with other animals, like deer.

Why Are Foxes So Playful?

Foxes are playful because they have very close personalities to cats. Cats love to play, whether it is by themselves or with others. Playfulness is critical to the baby fox’s development because it determines whether they become an alpha fox in adulthood.

According to the National Library of Medicine, when canids play together, they strengthen the bonds of their social community. Strengthening this bond establishes dominant personalities without risking a chance of becoming overly aggressive. These dominant personalities are established within playtime and continuously acknowledged outside as well.

How Do Foxes Play?

Foxes play by healthily imitating their aggressive battle stances and fighting. They push each other’s shoulders and may playfully nip. Foxes may also chase and taunt others.

It is common to see foxes play with their prey before eating it, such as tossing it in the air or nuzzling it. They have a variety of strange, playful behaviors, including stealing human objects and playing with them. 

A couple of fox kits chase each other playfully.

Will Foxes Play With Objects, Toys, or Your Backyard Trampoline?

Foxes love exploring backyards, and they may even steal toys from your dog or cat. Since this wild animal is a canine, they have preferences for balls, ropes, and they will even dig up your dog’s bones.

One of the strangest items that foxes enjoy is the trampoline, which these red canids love to jump on. Young foxes gather in groups to bounce together on these springy surfaces.

Do Foxes Feel Love?

Foxes feel love exclusively toward their family. They are monogamous animals who mate for life, and when their mate passes away, they mourn their life. The fox does not assume another partner. Otherwise, they are solitary animals. 

How Do Foxes Show Affection?

Foxes show affection by grooming each other, cuddling, and playing. They will sleep together, snuggle, and travel together to show their affection.  

Are Wild Foxes Cuddly? Do They Like To Be Petted?

Wild foxes love to cuddle with members of their leash. However, it can be dangerous for humans to try and cuddle with wild foxes. They are unpredictable animals, and generally, wild foxes do not like to be petted. 

You should avoid approaching wild foxes so you do not startle them or disrupt their ecosystem. Even worse, there is a potential that they could bite you and pass a contagious (and dangerous) disease to you. Wild animals require space, so you should respect the fox. 

Can Wild Foxes Bond With Humans?

Wild foxes can form bonds with humans. However, these bonds are not strong and can be broken at any second because the wild fox cannot be tamed or domesticated. Many people try to domesticate this wild animal, but they cannot. Foxes don’t make good pets. Even feeding it over prolonged periods cannot tame this animal.

Will Foxes Approach Humans?

Foxes are fearful of humans because of the loud noises and intense smells. If a fox approaches you, there might be a few logical reasons why. Some foxes have had so much human interaction that they approach humans without worrying. This can be troublesome to some humans, who fear wildlife. It is dangerous, too, since animals are unpredictable. 

Approaching humans is a common side effect of injury and disease. Foxes may approach humans when they are injured to seek help. Or, they may develop a serious illness that entices them to attack or seek out the attention of humans. Either way, remaining far from foxes is critical.

Do Foxes Understand Humans?

Foxes cannot understand humans, but they can recognize the rising in your voice. If you yell, stomp your feet, and wave your arms, it will be more effective than commanding the fox to go away. These tactics are called hazing, and it is the best way to ward off a wild canid. 

How Do Foxes Communicate?

Foxes communicate by using one of over forty vocalizations. They may also use some of their many body language movements to indicate their current emotion.

Do Foxes Wag Their Tails When They’re Happy?

If you see a fox wagging their tail, it might mean they are happy. Foxes are expressive with their tails, so the emotions they feel are easy to read if you closely observe how their tail falls.

Are Foxes Timid?

Foxes are timid animals who do not usually approach humans. They would prefer to stay away from any activity and remain by themselves. If you notice a fox nearby and are interested in capturing a photo, remain still so you do not spook the fox away.

Are Foxes Mischievous?

Foxes are not bad animals, but they are viewed as mischievous because of their sneaky tendencies. It is common for foxes to steal things from people, eat farm animals in the middle of the night, and get away with strange “crimes.”

Do Foxes Steal Things?

Foxes steal things from people, including toys, eggs, shoes, and other objects. They are sneaky animals who mean no harm but can be quite bothersome at times. It is common for them to steal these objects when it is easily accessible, like when you leave them lying out in your backyard.

Why Would A Fox Steal Objects?

Foxes steal objects for mind stimulation and teaching life skills. When stealing certain items like balls, they can keep themselves entertained, with a stimulated mind from the human object. Stealing human objects are especially helpful for young kits, which require toys for learning the basics like chewing, throwing, and tracking. 

Foxes teach their young how to hunt, track prey, and more with stolen items. Depending on what it is, the adults may create a different idea. 

Do Foxes Get Along With Other Animals?

As an opportunistic predator, few animals get along with the fox. They have many rival species and rivals within their own species, which they compete over mates with. In some cases, dogs and cats may have a mutualistic relationship with foxes, where each side tolerates the other.

There are some instances of foxes and badgers hunting together.

However, a desperate fox may mistake a domestic animal for food. 

Can Foxes Play With Cats, Dogs, or Other Pets?

Foxes can play with cats, dogs, and other pets, but it is not a good idea. Letting a fox play with domestic animals can be dangerous because of the transmittable diseases and potential harm they could do to your pet.

In addition to viral diseases transmitted through bites, blood, and saliva, foxes are known to carry mites and ticks. These bugs will directly transfer from the fox to your pet immediately. 

Are Foxes More Like A Cat Or A Dog?

Foxes act more like cats even though they are a member of the canine family. The fox’s whiskers, pupils, and feet are similar to the cat’s, making their appearance look slightly like a feline’s. Additionally, when the fox kits are born, they make hissing noises. The hissing noises they make are similar to kittens. 

Do Foxes And Badgers Live and Hunt Together?

Foxes and badgers have a mutualistic relationship and sometimes hunt together. The fox will follow the badger as it hunts to partake in the feeding, and the badger is happy to share its meal.

The two often share mealtimes and meal places, and they may share overlapping territory. The two do not live together, but their dens may be close. 

Can Foxes Imitate Other Animals?

Foxes can make over forty different sounds. These sounds include mimicking several small mammals and larger canine breeds like domestic dogs and coyotes. The fox can sound larger or smaller than it is, if necessary.

According to Inside Science, foxes are adjusting their behavior for domestication purposes. After observing the leisurely life domestic dogs and cats get, these canids have begun moving inward to gain the interest of the public eye. They imitate dogs in their canine appearance and cats in their passive attitude.


  • Tommy

    Hi, I'm Tommy! I'm the founder of Floofmania.com. I am an animal enthusiast and self-proclaimed wildlife expert as well as a dog trainer and breeder of the breed Löwchen. Since I was a kid, I’ve been wildly fascinated by animals, both from growing up in a rural area where there were always animals around, but especially from seeing them in the wild.

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